Practising physical activities on a regular basis improves health and quality of life, prevents chronic diseases, and strengthens social cohesiveness .
Physical activity during childhood before puberty is particularly beneficial as some effects persist into adulthood .
Benefits of physical activity and sport
during childhood and adolescence 
|Physical condition||Motor skills, strength, flexibility, cardiorespiratory capacity, balance, agility, coordination|
|Psychological well-being and mental health||Mood, self-esteem, self-efficacy, reduction in stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms|
|Social skills||Social network, confidence, conflict-resolution skills, reduction in isolation and delinquency|
|Healthy living habits||Eating habits, quality of sleep, physical activity in adulthood|
Studies show that physical activity improves academic performance by fostering the appearance of factors that predispose students to learning [4, 5, 6, 7, 8]:
Schools have long been recognized as establishments favourable to physical activity initiatives. More than ever, they are becoming an ideal setting for encouraging and supporting a physically active lifestyle among young people .
Contact Corinne Voyer, Director:
 Global Advocacy for Physical Activity, the Advocacy Council of the International Society for Physical Activity and Health (2010). Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call to Action. Consulted on January 14, 2013.
,  et  Comité scientifique de Kino-Québec (2011). L’activité physique, le sport et les jeunes – Savoir et agir. Québec : Secrétariat au loisir et au sport, ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. Gouvernement du Québec.
 Sigfusdottir, I. D., Kristjansson, A. L. & Allegrante, J. P. (2007). Health Behaviour and Academic Achievement in Icelandic School Children, Health Education Research, 22 (1), 70-80.
 Hillman, C. H., Erickson, K. I. & Kramer, A. F. (2008). Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition. Nature reviews Neuroscience, 9, 58-65.
 Trudeau, F. & Shephard, R. J. (2008). Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 5 (10). Consulted on January 8, 2013.
 Rasberry, C. N. & coll. (2011). The association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance: a systematic review of the literature. Preventive Medicine, 52 (1), S10-S20.
 Naylor, P. J. & McKay, H. A. (2009). Prevention in the first place: schools a setting for action on physical inactivity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43 (1), 10-13.
A committee of experts formed by the Weight Coalition has proposed five interventions, supported by the literature and meeting with consensus, for young people to be more active at school.